The first tip is to lead a healthy lifestyle.
Unhealthy diet, constant fatigue and negative emotions, lack of fresh air and physical activity affect the state of the immune. A person, who is regularly stressed and eats unhealthy foods, is more likely to become infected with seasonal infections. His body spends too much energy on fighting negative factors and cannot provide resistance to viruses.
The second tip is to moisturize the mucous membranes of the respiratory system.
The mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract secretes mucus, which acts as a barrier to protect the body from dust and viruses. Drying of the mucous membranes deprives the natural defenses, viruses enter the body, and the person becomes ill. Dryness of the mucous membranes may occur due to an unsuitable indoor climate or taking certain medications. It is necessary to ensure constant hydration of the internal cavities of the nose. To do this, you can use a self-prepared sea salt solution (one teaspoon per liter of boiled water) or ready-made pharmaceutical preparations of a similar composition.
The third tip is to vaccinate.
Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent the flu. It is necessary to vaccinate with the vaccine that is recommended by doctors, taking into account the seasonal activity of influenza strains. Vaccination is especially needed for so-called risk groups – children, people over 60, people with chronic diseases and those who work with a large number of people. Influenza vaccination may be contraindicated. Therefore, you should consult your doctor before vaccination.
The fourth tip – do not visit crowded places during the epidemic season.
Seasonal infections transmitted by airborne droplets. This means that the most likely source of infection is a sick person, that coughing and sneezing. The less often you interact with other people, the more likely you are to stay healthy. You can stop visiting large shopping malls, concerts, cinemas, discos and other crowded places. Also, try to avoid crowded vehicles. It is better to take a walk in the fresh air; it will benefit your health.
The fifth tip is to follow the rules of personal hygiene.
Another of the most common ways of spreading viruses is through the hands of a sick person. To reduce the risk of virus infection, you need:
- wash your hands as often and as possible;
- while outside the home, have wet napkins with you;
- do not touch your face with unwashed hands;
- do not eat outside;
- when paying for purchases, use bank cards;
- try not to touch door knobs, handrails in vehicles;
- do not shake hands.
The sixth tip is to maintain an optimal indoor climate.
Seasonal viruses are easily transmitted in dry and warm air, and they are destroyed in cool and humid air. To reduce the likelihood of infection, rooms should be ventilated as often as possible, both at home and at work. It is useful to use humidifiers, wash floors.