Dandruff is dead skin cells. Human skin is constantly updated throughout life, and its upper cells are removed. Sometimes this process is disturbed, and cells start to die too actively. The skin flakes absorb fat and stick together with each other. There are formed the ugly white or yellowish flakes that so spoil the appearance of hair and cause bad mood and complexes.
Causes of dandruff
The causes of dandruff may be different. The activity of the sebaceous glands is affected by many different factors, including hormonal changes during puberty, as well as stress, and vitamin deficiencies (lack of vitamins A and C are particularly dangerous) and various diseases. In particular, the magnifier often accompanies diseases of the endocrine, nervous and digestive systems. Often, the cause of dandruff is bad head skin or hair care.
Causes of dandruff:
- seborrheic dermatitis
- hormonal changes during puberty
- diseases of the endocrine, nervous and digestive systems
- bad head skin and hair care
Types of dandruff
Specialists distinguish two main types of seborrhea: fat and dry.
A dry dandruff is often caused by a deterioration in immunity, due to severe physical or emotional stress, as well as poor nutrition or poor hair care. This type of seborrhoea is characterized by reduced secretion of sebum and increased peeling of the skin. As a result, the head is covered with small, pale scales resembling bran. The hair condition also changes – it becomes dull, dry, lethargic and brittle, and it begins to fall out.
With bold seborrhea sebum is increasing. This phenomenon is characteristic for puberty, but fat dandruff is also possible at an older age. Hair becomes greasy, there are relatively large fatty scales of dirty white color. A fat dandruff can be accompanied by itching of the scalp and hair loss.
How to get rid of dandruff?
Although the dandruff does not refer to serious illness, the quality of life with seborrhea is getting worse, and the issue of getting rid of this disease is relevant to many people. Sometimes it is enough to change the shampoo.
Means from dandruff
For the treatment of dandruff are recommended to use the products that are not sold in regular stores. It is better to go to the special organizations where you will find special shampoos, masks, lotions. Also may be effective folk remedies, such as herbal extracts, which strengthen the hair and harmonize the activity of the sebaceous glands.
The types of therapeutic shampoos from dandruff:
In addition, these shampoos also effectively cleanse the hair, removing excess sebum.
In addition to pharmaceuticals, there are folk medicine recipes to get of dandruff:
- Chamomile decoction has antiseptic properties,
- Calendula reduces fatness skin of the head,
- Nettle tread strengthens the hair.
To avoid such problem as dandruff, in most cases it is enough just to properly care for your hair and, of course, lead a healthy lifestyle. It is necessary to treat diseases in a timely manner, to give up bad habits and eat more fiber, more often be in the open air and avoid stress.