With this disease there is no need to radically change your lifestyle. It is better for a person to feel comfortable, without unnecessary restrictions and thoughts about diseases. To reduce the risk of exacerbations, you must follow 9 basic rules of prevention.
Do not get tired.
People with multiple sclerosis suffer from excessive fatigue (this is due to the state of the nervous system). Therefore, they need to check their health and rest as needed. Fatigue occurs during prolonged absence of rest or after long and hard work. When overloaded, the body can not rest even at night. In this case, you need a few days to rest and recover.
Get enough sleep.
Excessive drowsiness or insomnia are common in demyelinating disorders. To get rid of it, plan your work and rest, as well as sleep schedule. You should go to bed and get up at the same time every day.
Avoid physical activity.
Hard work is tiring, so you need to change your profession if it is associated with constant stress. Avoid regular long-term work, including in the backyard. At constant excessive physical activities the organism does not have time to recover. This can lead to problems with the cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system and nervous system.
It is better to avoid working with toxic substances, as well as monotonous work that causes fatigue. It is recommended to include in the daily routine walks in the fresh air (if the weather is good).
The list and duration of exercises should be discussed with your doctor, but daily 15-minute exercises are usually recommended. Exercise helps to maintain good muscle tone and physical activity, as well as improve mood. Also, this sport has a tonic effect on the nervous system, improves metabolism, maintains the fullness of motor skills.
Eliminate prolonged exposure to the sun.
With this disease it is better to give up being on the beach (or be there in the morning or evening, using sunscreen). In the heat you need to wear a hat, sunglasses, and if possible take a cool shower. It is also not recommended to visit the solarium if you have multiple sclerosis.
Drink plenty of fluids.
This helps to improve the patient’s condition, especially in summer. Choose water, black or green tea without sugar (or with a minimum amount) and do not drink beverages with flavors and colors.
Adjust your diet.
You should reduce your intake of meat, eggs, cream and butter. Vegetable food, fish are useful; the menu should be moderate in calories to keep the weight normal.
Take medication regularly.
Be responsible when planning a pregnancy.
Multiple sclerosis is not a reason to give up motherhood if a woman’s condition is satisfactory, but pregnancy should be planned only in remission.