Acne: types, symptoms, treatment and prevention

Acne is skin pathology, accompanied by the appearance of papule and blockage of the sebaceous glands. The natural appearance of the skin is disturbed, which in this case looks absolutely unattractive.

In medicine, there are several varieties of this disease, including:

Closed and open comedones.
Closed are small tubercles of bodily color, slightly bump above the surface. From the outside, they may be invisible and perceived by the touch as light roughness or inequality. Opened are formed when contents go outside (on the surface of the dermis). This is the most notable type of comedones, representing black dots.

Papular and Pustular Acne.
Skin fat accumulates in the damaged follicle, in which bacteria live and begin to multiply. It does not hurt until the follicle breaks down, releasing accumulated bacterial material on the surrounding space and infecting it. Usually, the papules and pustules are on the surface and are cured without scarring for one to two weeks. Squeezing pustules increases the risk of widespread disease with cysts formation.

Nodule and cystic phenomena.
Men suffer from too active sebaceous glands. Their damage is dangerous. As large convex bumps are formed they grow in abscesses, affecting the dermis.


Acne is an inalienable “attribute” for many adolescents when maturation passes in parallel with the transformation of many metabolic processes. Conditions that contribute to the development of pathology include:

  • frequent use of decorative cosmetics;
  • air pollution;
  • disregard for hygiene;
  • inflammatory processes inside the body;
  • malnutrition;
  • premenstrual syndrome;
  • deviation in the gastrointestinal tract;
  • hormonal changes.


The main features are inflamed purulent pimples or dots that appear throughout the face, neck. But these are external manifestations, and along with this, there is the malaise of internal organs.


Many people want to apply independent therapies and try to get rid of the problem at home. Modern drugs reduce inflammation but do not solve the problem that is hidden in the hormonal reorganization or in the pathology of organs.

The worst option for a person will be the decision to squeeze the pimple. On the site of the pimple most often there are several new ones, this is due to the fact that the pressure on the comedones or acne partially pushes the manure into the inner layer of the skin. A complete therapy of a similar situation begins with a serious examination.

Therapy implies the appointment of antibiotics (such as Tetralysal), the professional removal of all acne and black dots, which is accompanied by a decrease in subcutaneous fat and a deep purification of the dermis. After such a procedure, it is necessary to fix the result, daily treating with specially selected drugs. Medical products are very different from universal cosmetics to professional individual remedy.


Acne prevention includes careful skin hygiene, a healthy diet, and avoidance of stressful situations.