Vessels and heart.
With a high body fat content, the risk of heart attacks and strokes increases. Fat has hormonal activity and secretes substances that have a negative effect on blood pressure. This leads to the development of hypertension, it often observed in people by the age of thirty. In addition, hypertension is the main risk factoring for myocardial infarction.
The more fat cells in the body and the larger they are, the less sensitive the body is to insulin, a hormone needed to process glucose in the blood. As a result, the sugar level rises and the type 2 diabetes develops. There are many effective medications for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (such as Amaryl, Cetapin XR or Daonil). However, it is noted that one of the most effective measures is to reduce weight by about 10%. If you weigh 100 kg, you need to lose up to 90 kg. Thanks to this, insulin sensitivity noticeably increased, in the initial stages, further development of the disease can even avoid.
Spine and joints
Overweight is like carrying a heavy bag. This seriously increases the load on the intervertebral discs and “supporting” joints – knee and hip. Destructive changes take place in them quickly. According to statistics, in obese women, arthrosis of the knee joints observes 4 times more often than in slender ones. Obese people are more likely to suffer from osteochondrosis.
If the body mass index exceeds 35, the risk of sleep apnea during sleep increases dramatically. When fat deposits in the neck, the airway narrows. During the day, the body can compensate for this, but at night, the muscles relax. As a result, the airways narrows and air ceases to flow into the lungs. In addition, this means that the blood poorly saturated with oxygen; not all organs receive it. In addition, in order for a person fully breathe the brain force constantly “wake up”. As a result, the deep sleep phase does not occur, namely, during this phase, growth hormone produce in the body.
Excessive fat is not used in metabolism, and it does not stop accumulating, so we gain weight even more. To break this vicious circle, you need to take care of yourself: have a diet, increase physical activity.
In people with severe obesity, life expectancy reduces by 12-15 years. If you want to live long, strive for harmony. In addition, excessive fat compress the veins of the lungs. Because of this, there may be pathology of the pleura and poor ventilation of the lungs.
Men’s and Women’s Health.
Since fat has hormonal activity, its excess can affect the menstrual cycle, accelerate the development of polycystic ovaries, and often even lead to female endocrine infertility. Excess weight not in the best way affects the reproductive capabilities of men, primarily on potency.
Fat vacuoles and drops accumulate inside the liver cells. They are called triglycerides. In addition, as they accumulate, the cells stop performing their function and die. Thus, the work of one of the main organs disrupts.