Types of prevention of gastric ulcer and their features

Gastric ulcer is manifested by such serious symptoms as a feeling of painful hunger, pain in the upper abdomen, stool disorders, weakness, bloating, night vomiting and loss of appetite. There are three types of stomach ulcer prevention:

  • primary prevention of peptic ulcer disease.
  • secondary prevention of peptic ulcer disease.
  • tertiary prevention of peptic ulcer disease.
  1. Primary prevention is aimed at disease prevention.

For this purpose it is necessary to check immunity, to create favorable conditions for life. Nutrition should be rich in vitamins, and the frequency – 4-5 times a day. Also, it is necessary to add regular sports to the regime. It is very important to check your health, treat any diseases in a timely manner, carefully follow oral hygiene and visit the dentist regularly.

Given the extreme prevalence of Helicobacter pylori, care should be taken to ensure that your body does not become infected with this harmful bacterium. In 80% of cases, it creates the conditions for the development of peptic ulcer disease. In modern conditions, the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori can be carried out in many laboratories and hospitals to refute or confirm its presence. This is especially true for those who live or work in close proximity to carriers of this infection. For example, if someone in your family has been diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease, you should always take preventive measures. Do not use shared cutlery, hygiene items and towels.

  1. Secondary prevention is aimed at patients diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease and aims to reduce the likelihood of recurrence and complications.

In the course of secondary prevention, it is important to correct those deviations from the norm that occur from time to time (diet, stress, physical activity). Be sure to follow the course of treatment prescribed by a gastroenterologist. It usually includes medication, diet, physiotherapy, mineral water and sometimes herbal medicine. The main treatment for gastric ulcer is drug therapy, which includes drugs to stimulate gastric motility, reduce the production of hydrochloric acid (such as Lanzol), antibiotics (such as Claribid) and antacids (such as Alutabs) to reduce heartburn.

Bismuth-based gastroprotectors with bactericidal activity play a significant role in preventing exacerbations of peptic ulcer disease and gastritis. These drugs in most cases are prescribed by doctors for the secondary prevention of gastritis and ulcers. Also, one of the main treatment regimens contains drugs containing bismuth. They not only promote healing of ulcers and other damage to the mucous membrane, but also provide comprehensive treatment.

  1. Tertiary prevention aims to reduce complications that have already occurred in patients with gastric ulcer.

This medical prevention includes a set of measures for rehabilitation and prevention of the patient’s disability. For the rehabilitation of patients with peptic ulcer disease, sanatorium treatment is prescribed, especially in autumn and spring. In addition, special complexes of therapeutic exercise are recommended, aimed at alleviating the condition of the body with abdominal pain. These exercises will help you control your breathing and develop the ability to relax, which can help relieve severe pain with stomach ulcers.

Peptic ulcer is a disease of the whole organism. It can be completely avoided if you pay a little more attention and care to your health. You cannot rely only on the help of doctors, your personal responsibility and emotional stability are very important. Only in harmony with yourself and the world around you can maintain health and joy of life. However, if the disease has already appeared, it is necessary to start taking effective drugs as soon as possible, following all the instructions of your doctor.